When it comes to sewing, there are just so many ways that it will take too much of time to get the hang of each and every technique. However, here we bring to you some of the best and most used ways of stitching.
This is the process of attaching a laid yarn on the top of the fabric. This is done using small stitches with same color thread or a contrasting thread. Thus, this adds texture to your work of art. Although this process is normally done by hand, you can do it using your machine as well.
For that, first of all, use a thick thread or a thin yarn and wrap it onto the bobbin. Keep a standard quality thread on the spool.
Next, loosen the tension of the bobbin thread by adjusting the small screw. This will allow the thick thread to pass through the machine without it sticking anywhere. An important point to consider here is to tighten it back when you are done.
Make the pattern on the wrong side of the fabric. Thus, your couched threads will show up on the desired side.
Stitch slowly and in a controlled manner. Use a free motion with the darning foot, or stitch in line.
And thus, you are done. Turn the fabric to the other side to reveal the art.
Photo credit: https://timetravelerscloset.com/2013/11/14/smocking/
This is the technique in which you gather all your fabric together so that it can stretch. It is used for blouses, dresses and so on. However, if you are doing this on the machine, it is preferable that you do it using an elastic. This will help save a lot of your time.
It is advised that you use light fabrics. And when the smocking is done, you can run an iron so that it will put the elastic in proper shape.
To achieve this, wind an elastic thread around the bobbin. It should not be too tight nor too loose. Place normal thread on a spool.
Now adjust the bobbin tension so that it is loose enough to allow the elastic to pass through it. Then tighten the thread after the smocking is done.
Your elastic will be below the fabric. Now choose the stitch length preference for yourself. Longer lengths mean more elasticity. Now, stitch a straight line.
Having done all this, repeat as many rows as you want.
This can be considered the easiest technique. It is best for crafts. It is also ideal for teaching to your kids.
For that, you need to set up a sewing machine and take out all the threads. Next, put a paper or a thin card under the sewing machine needle and make a design.
You can design an own yarn thread with this easy to use and quick to learn technique. Use peppy threads to design on your fabric.
To achieve this look, first, take a contrasting thread and put it in the bobbin. This will result in bright and versatile designs.
Next, put a thread under the machine foot. Set it to largest stitching width. Pull your string through the machine now. The needle should be on either side of the string as you keep moving it.
Add as many colors as you like. You can keep doing it until you are satisfied.
For needle felting, you need two dry fibers. Our aim is to matte them together and create one fabric. Also, you need multiple needles for it.
Now it is time to explore some of the basic stitches. These are the building blocks to any sort of sewing. Until and unless you are proficient in these basics, you can not dream of becoming a pro at sewing. So let us explore some of the really basic stitches.
You will find most of these stitches on any new machine.
Zig zag stitches
These come in almost every machine. If you set it for a Zig zag stitch along with a narrow width stitch, there will be room for stretching the seam. Also, a narrow width is required so that a straight seam can be maintained.
Most machines will provide for a stretch stitch. You can check your manual for that. The best part about a stretch stitch is that no matter how much you stretch the cloth, it is not going to break the thread.
This stitch can be created by this process. First, make two forward stitches followed by a backward stitch. Thus, though it takes longer to make this stitch, the results are just worth it for the extra time.
Tricot stretch stitch
This stitch also comes integrated with many sewing machines. This provides enormous amounts of strength. No matter how much the clothes are stretched, it just won’t break.
There was a time when hand stitching was the only option for making a button hole. Today’s sewing machines are well advanced and can do even this task quite easily.
If you have an automatic sewing machine, you can simply put a sample button on the buttonhole foot, and it will create as many buttonholes as you want. The density of the stitches can be manually adjusted, and the style can also be altered.
Some high-end machines have the feature to create a button hole that looks just like a hand stitched one.
You can make four step buttonholes as well. This can make a buttonhole as per your requirements. First setting that can be achieved by turning a dial creates the zigzag marks on one side of the hole. Next setting adds a bar tack on the lower end. Then the next step has settings that will complete the zigzag stitches on the other side of the hole. This is followed by making the bar tack for the buttonhole upper end.
So these were few of the techniques that you can apply to a sewing machine to achieve and create a design of your dreams.